Georgians‎ > ‎

Acts of Union 1800

The Acts of Union 1800 were a pair of Parliamentary Acts passed to unite the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland to create the 'United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland' on 1st January 1801.

Ireland had previously been in personal union with Great Britain, but fearing that Britain's enemies could establish a base there to launch attacks, the Prime Minister William Pitt believed that the only solution was a union between them.

The unification was symbolised by the merging of Ireland's St Patrick's cross flag with that of Britain's Grand Union flag to form the Union Jack flag, which has been the national British emblem ever since.