On 29th September 1918 the German Supreme Command informed Kaiser Wilhelm II (the German Commander-in-Chief) that the military situation was hopeless and that they should accept the demands of US President Woodrow Wilson for a ceasefire.
A mutiny began amongst German sailors who didn't want to risk their lives believing the war was nearing its end and on 9th November Kaiser Wilhelm II was forced to abdicate.
The Armistice agreement to end the fighting on the Western Front was signed in a railway carriage in Compiègne Forest at 5am on 11th November 1918, to come into effect at 11am. This occasion is sometimes referred to as "the eleventh (hour) of the eleventh (day) of the eleventh (month)".
Terms in the agreement included:
By the end of the war 22,477,500 Allies and 16,403,000 from the Central Powers (of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire/modern-day Turkey) had been: killed, wounded or missing in action.
Many memorials were built at sites where major battles had taken place. The Menin Gate in Ypres, Belgium, for example, is dedicated to the British and Commonwealth soldiers who were killed in the surrounding area and whose graves are unknown.
Every year in Britain, ceremonies begun taking place at war memorials across the country on Remembrance Sunday to remember those men who fought in the Great War. A two minute silence takes place and wreaths of poppies (the only flower that would grow on the battlefields when the war had ended) are laid.
The Great War >